/ Srbija), officially the Republic of Serbia (Serbian: ????????? / Republika Srbija, listen (help·info)), is a landlocked country in Central and Southeastern Europe, covering the southern part of the Pannonian Plain and the central part of the Balkan Peninsula.It is bordered by Hungary to the north; Romania and Bulgaria to the east; Republic of Macedonia, Albania (via the Serbian breakaway province of Kosovo) and Montenegro to the south; Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina to the west. For centuries, shaped at cultural boundaries between East and West, a powerful medieval Serbian kingdom - later renamed an empire - occupied much of the Balkans.The modern state of Serbia emerged in 1817 following the Second Serbian Uprising.
The Syrmia region united with Serbia on November 24, 1918 and they were joined by Vojvodina (formerly an autonomous Habsburg crownland named Serbian Voivodship and Tamiš Banat) the following day after it proclaimed its secession from Austria-Hungary.
The current borders of the country were established following the end of World War II, when Serbia became a federal unit within the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
Serbia became an independent state again in 2006, after Montenegro left the union which was formed after the dissolution of Yugoslavia in 1990s.
In 2008, the autonomous province of Kosovo declared independence from Serbia.
Serbia's government currently does not recognize Kosovo's independence.
The response from the international community is mixed.
Contents [hide] 1 Geography 1.1 Climate 1.2 National parks 2 History 2.1 Medieval Serb kingdoms and the Empire 2.2 Ottoman/Austrian rule 2.3 Serbian revolution and independence 2.4 Rise of the Kingdom/Crownland of Vojvodina 2.5 World War I and the birth of the "First Yugoslavia" 2.5.1 Casualties 2.5.2 Kingdom of Yugoslavia 2.6 World War II and persecution of Serbs 2.6.1 Coup d'état and "Nedic's Serbia" 2.6.2 Persecution of Serbs in wartime-Croatia 2.7 SFRJ, the "Second Yugoslavia" 2.8 SRJ, the "Third Yugoslavia" and the Kosovo War 2.9 Democracy/State Union 2.10 Republic of Serbia 3 Government and politics 3.1 Administrative subdivisions 4 Demographics 4.1 Cities 5 Religion 6 Economy 7 Culture 7.1 Tourism 7.2 Education 8 Infrastructure 8.1 Communications 8.2 Transportation 9 Holidays 10 See also 11 References 12 External links Geography Main article: Geography of Serbia Serbia is located in Europe, on the Balkan peninsula and in the Pannonian Plain.
It is placed at the crossroads between Central, Southern and Eastern Europe.
The Danube river (2850 km) flows through the northern third of the country; it is 588 km long and forms the border with Croatia and part of Romania, alongside the Wallachian Plain in the east.
The Sava river forms the southern border of the Vojvodina province, flows into the Danube in central Belgrade, and bypasses the hills of the Fruška Gora in the west.
Sixty kilometers to the northeast of Belgrade, the Tisa river flows into the Danube and ends its 1350 km long journey from Ukraine, and the partially navigable Timis River (60 km/350 km) flows into the Danube near Pancevo.