They may be from overseas, or they might tell you they are in the same country as you.
Gradually, you develop a long-distance relationship through emails, instant messaging, texting and phone calls.
As the relationship develops, your exchanges become more intimate.
They may also ask you for naked photos of yourself and/or ask you to perform sexual acts in front of a webcam, particularly if you are female.
The person you’ve developed a relationship with is not who they say they are.
In fact, you have probably been in contact with several members of a criminal gang.
Scammers take advantage of people looking for romantic partners, often via dating websites, apps or social media by pretending to be prospective companions.
They play on emotional triggers to get you to provide money, gifts or personal details.
Dating and romance scams often take place through online dating websites, but scammers may also use social media or email to make contact.
They have even been known to telephone their victims as a first introduction.
Dating or romance fraud is when you think you’ve met your perfect partner online, but they aren’t who they say they are.
Once they’ve gained your trust, they ask for money for a variety of emotive reasons.